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Solid cathode lithium cells

These cells use solid cathode materials such as MnO2, CuO, V2O5 and carbon monofluoride, (CF)n. They have the advantage of not being pressurized, although they cannot be discharged as rapidly as liquid cathode cells. They are available in button and cylindrical forms. About 80% (by number) of all lithium batteries in use are of the Li/MnO2 type. The energy density is similar to that of the Li/SO2 cells when discharged slowly and their slow self-discharge characteristic make them suitable for memory backup, watches, calculators, cameras, mines and munitions, etc. Voltage delay appears to be less of a problem with solid cathode cells.